Solid lipid nanoparticles for hydrophilic drugs
Hydrophilic drugs are proficient therapeutic agents however, delivery of these drugs is a difficult task. Hence, developing an efficient drug delivery system may require a multipronged approach. Colloidal drug delivery systems such as emulsions, liposomes, nanoemulsions, polymeric nanoparticles, and niosomes are known to enhance drug entrapment, bioavailability, and to improve the pharmacokinetic profiles of hydrophilic drugs.
Delivery of hydrophilic drugs using solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs).
Enhance entrapment into SLNs by modification of traditional methods.
Enhance entrapment into SLNs by drug modification.
Improved pharmacokinetic profile of hydrophilic drugs.
However, issues such as drug leakage and burst release are frequently reported with such systems. Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) were developed as an alternative to the traditional colloidal drug carriers to overcome these issues. Although SLNs have been widely studied as carriers for hydrophobic drugs, delivery of hydrophilic molecules remains a challenge.
Hence, the current review focuses on different approaches that have been used for the delivery of hydrophilic drugs using SLNs. It not only discusses various modifications in the traditional methods for the synthesis but also emphasizes modifications of the hydrophilic drugs itself that can help in their efficient entrapment into SLNs drug carriers.
Article information: Yashika Mirchandani, Vandana B. Patravale, Brijesh S. Solid lipid nanoparticles for hydrophilic drugs, Journal of Controlled Release, Volume 335, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconrel.2021.05.032.