Pharmacokinetic Investigation of Synthetic Cannabidiol Oral Formulations in Healthy Volunteers
Recent advances in the research of medicinal cannabis has placed the non-intoxicating cannabinoid cannabidiol (CBD) at the front of many investigations. The reasons behind this popularity is the compound’s therapeutic properties, alongside a safe profile of administration lacking addictive properties such as euphoric state of mind and characterized with a wide dosing range. Oral administration of CBD is challenging due to poor solubility in the gastro-intestinal system and susceptibility to extensive first pass metabolism. As a result, the practice in clinic and investigational trials is to administer cannabinoids in edible oils or oil-based solutions. Nonetheless, reported pharmacokinetics of cannabinoids and CBD in particular are not uniform among research groups and are affected by the vehicle of administration.
The purpose of the work presented here is to investigate oral absorption processes of synthetic CBD when given in different oral formulations in healthy volunteers.
The study design was a three way, blind, cross-over single administration study of 12 healthy male volunteers. CBD was administered in powder form, dissolved in sesame oil and in self-nano-emulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS).
Administration of CBD in lipid-based vehicles resulted in a significant increase in Cmax and AUC of CBD, as compared to powder form. Overall plasma exposure of CBD did not differ between sesame oil vehicle and the SNEDDS formulation. However, administration of CBD in pure oil resulted in two absorption behaviors of early and delayed absorption among subjects, as opposed to SNEDDS platform that resulted in a uniform early absorption profile.
Results of this trial demonstrate the importance of solubilization process of lipophilic drugs such as CBD and demonstrated the ability of the nano formulation to achieve a reliable, predictable PK profile of the drug. These findings offer a standardized oral formulation for the delivery of cannabinoids and contribute data for the growing field of cannabinoid PK. Continue on Pharmacokinetic Investigation of Synthetic Cannabidiol Oral Formulations in Healthy Volunteers
Keywords: Pharmacokinetic study, Clinical trial, Cannabidiol, SNEDDS, Sesame oil, Oral bioavailability, Surfactants polysorbate Tween® 20,Sorbitan monooleate 80 Span® 80, lecithin (LIPOID S100), hydrogenated castor oil (Kolliphor® RH40)
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