Spray dried powders for nasal delivery: Process and formulation considerations
Powders for nasal delivery have been recognized as advantageous dosage forms over liquids due to increased stability and residence time on nasal mucosa, with improved bioavailability. They can be manufactured by spray-drying, allowing the optimization of the particle properties that are critical to guarantee nasal deposition, as size and shape. It is also a scalable and flexible method already explored extensively in the pharmaceutical industry. However, it is important to understand how process parameters, particle physical properties and formulation considerations affect the product performance.
Hence, this review aims to provide an overview of nasal powder formulation and processing through spray drying, with an emphasis on the variables that impact on performance. To this purpose, we describe the physical, biological and pharmacological phenomena prior to drug absorption as well as the most relevant powder properties. Formulation considerations including qualitative and quantitative composition are then reviewed, as well as manufacturing considerations including spray drying relevant parameters.
About this article: Patrícia Henriques, Ana Fortuna, Slavomíra Doktorovová, Spray dried powders for nasal delivery: Process and formulation considerations, European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, Volume 176, 2022,
Pages 1-20, ISSN 0939-6411, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpb.2022.05.002. (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S093964112200090X)