Advancing the understanding of the tablet disintegration phenomenon – an update on recent studies

Disintegration is the de-aggregation of particles within tablets upon exposure to aqueous fluids. Being an essential step in the bioavailability cascade, disintegration is a fundamental quality attribute of immediate release tablets. Although the disintegration phenomenon has been studied for over six decades, some gaps of knowledge and research questions still exist. Three reviews, published in 2015, 2016 and 2017, have discussed the literature relative to tablet disintegration and summarised the understanding of this topic. Yet, since then more studies have been published, adding to the established body of knowledge. This article guides a step forward towards the comprehension of disintegration by reviewing, concisely, the most recent scientific updates on this topic. Initially, we revisit the mechanisms of disintegration with relation to the three most used superdisintegrants, namely sodium starch glycolate, croscarmellose sodium and crospovidone. Then, the influence of formulation, storage, manufacturing and media conditions on disintegration is analysed. This is followed by an excursus on novel disintegrants. Finally, we highlight unanswered research questions and envision future research venues in the field. Continue reading

Alberto Berardi, Lorina Bisharat, Julian Quodbach, Safwan Abdel Rahim, Diego R. Perinelli, Marco Cespi,
Advancing the understanding of the tablet disintegration phenomenon – An update on recent studies,
International Journal of Pharmaceutics, Volume 598, 2021,120390,

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