Stimulatory Effects of Soluplus® on Flufenamic Acid β-Cyclodextrin Supramolecular Complex: Physicochemical Characterization and Pre-clinical Anti-inflammatory Assessment
The present study demonstrates the solubility and dissolution of flufenamic acid (FLF)/β-cyclodextrin (β-CD)/Soluplus® supramolecular ternary inclusion complex. The binary and ternary inclusion complexes were prepared using solvent evaporation and the microwave irradiation method. The prepared inclusion complexes were evaluated for physicochemical characterization and anti-inflammatory activity using a murine paw edema mol. The phase solubility studies demonstrated 4.59-fold and 17.54-fold enhancements in FLF solubility with β-CD alone and β-CD:Soluplus® combination compared with pure FLF, respectively.
The in vitro drug release results revealed a significant improvement (P < 0.05) in the release pattern compared with pure FLF. Maximum release was found with flufenamic acid binary and ternary complexes prepared using the microwave irradiation method, i.e., 75.23 ± 3.12% and 95.36 ± 3.23% in 60 min, respectively. The physicochemical characterization results showed complex formation and conversion of the crystalline form of FLF to an amorphous form. The SEM study revealed the presence of a more agglomerated and amorphous structure of the solid particles, which confirmed the formation of complexes. The anti-inflammatory effect of the complex was higher than pure FLF. Therefore, the FLF:β-CD:Soluplus® inclusion complex may be a very valuable formulation with improved solubility, dissolution, and anti-inflammatory effect.
See the full study as PDF: Stimulatory Effects of Soluplus® on Flufenamic Acid β-Cyclodextrin
Sultan Alshehri, Syed Sarim Imam, Mohammad A. Altamimi, Afzal Hussain, Faiyaz Shakeel & Abdulhakeem Alshehri
AAPS PharmSciTech volume 21, Article number: 145 (2020)