Achieving High Excipient Efficiency with Elastic Thermoplastic Polyurethane by Ultrasound Assisted Direct Compression
Ultrasound assisted compression (USAC) is a manufacturing technique which applies thermal and mechanical energy to the powder bed, producing tablets with improved characteristics compared to the direct compression process. This technology is ideal for thermoplastic materials, as polyurethanes, whose particles usually undergo a sintering process. Thermoplastic polyurethanes are widely used in sustained drug release systems but rarely seen in tablets due to their elastic properties.
The aim of this work is to investigate the ability of USAC to manufacture sustained release matrix tablets based on elastic thermoplastic polyurethanes (TPU), overcoming the limitations of direct compression. The technological and biopharmaceutical characteristics of the TPU matrices have been evaluated, with special focus on the porous structure due to the implications on drug release. For the first time, USAC has been successfully employed for manufacturing elastic thermoplastic polyurethanes-based matrices. TPU tablets show an inert character with a sustained drug release governed by a diffusional mechanism.
Initial porosity of matrices was similar in all batches studied, with no influence of drug particle size, and a fractal nature of the pore network has been observed. SEM microphotographs show the continuum medium created by the sintering of the polymer, responsible for the high excipient efficiency.
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