Redispersible 3D printed nanomedicines: An original application of the semisolid extrusion technique

Semisolid extrusion is a layer-by-layer 3D printing technique that produces objects from gels or pastes. This process can be carried out at room temperature, without using a light source, and has been explored in pharmaceutics in the last few years. In this regard, our group hypothesized its suitability for the production of three-dimensional (3D) printed nanomedicines containing drug-loaded organic nanocarriers.

In this study, the original application of the semisolid extrusion was evaluated to produce redispersible 3D printed oral solid forms containing drug-loaded polymeric nanocapsules. A carboxymethyl cellulose hydrogel containing resveratrol and curcumin co-encapsulated in nanocapsules was prepared, and the nanocapsules did not change its complex viscosity and yield stress. Homogeneous and yellow cylindrical-shaped solid forms were printed, with a mean weight of 0.102 ± 0.015 g, a polyphenol content of approximately 160 μg/unit, disintegration time of <45 min, and recovery of the nanosized carriers.

The polyphenols were completely released from the solid forms after 8 h, although part of them remained encapsulated in the nanocapsules. This study represents a proof of concept concerning the use of semisolid extrusion to produce 3D printed forms composed of polymeric nanocapsules in a one-step process. It proposes an original platform for the development of solid nanomedicines from liquid aqueous nanocapsule suspensions.

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Thayse Viana de Oliveira, Rafaela Santos de Oliveira, Juliana dos Santos, Nadine Lysyk Funk, Cesar Liberato Petzhold, Ruy Carlos Ruver Beck, Redispersible 3D printed nanomedicines: An original application of the semisolid extrusion technique, International Journal of Pharmaceutics, Volume 624, 2022, 122029, ISSN 0378-5173,

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