Overcoming Poor Tabletability of Bulky Absorption Enhancers by Spray Drying Technology

Absorption enhancers are often a major component of solid oral peptide formulations as compared to the active pharmaceutical ingredient and excipients. This commonly results in poor tabletability that is hard to mitigate in direct compaction by addition of small amounts of excipients. To improve the tabletability of bulky absorption enhancers, the model absorption enhancers, sodium cholate and deoxycholic acid, were co-spray dried with hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) E5 where the percentage of absorption enhancers was not lower than 90% (w/w). The physicochemical properties of the resulting powders were assessed by laser diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry.

The powders were compressed into tablets, and the tabletability was evaluated. Co-spray drying with 10% of HPMC significantly improved the tabletability of the both absorption enhancers. Moreover, it was demonstrated that small particle size and amorphous state rather than high moisture content contributed to the improved tabletability of the spray-dried powders. The study suggests that spray drying technology can be promising to overcome the poor tabletability of oral peptide formulation consisting of large amounts of absorption enhancers. Continue on absorption enhancers

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