Technology of Processing Plant Extracts Using an Aluminometasilicate Porous Carrier into a Solid Dosage Form

A method of preparing tablets called liquisolid technique is currently emerging. In these formulations, an important role is played by porous carriers, which are the basic building blocks of liquisolid systems (LSSs). The most common are microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), magnesium aluminometasilicates, silica aerogels, mesoporous silicates, clays, etc. In this study, magnesium aluminometasilicate is used to prepare modified LSS formulations with plant extracts as model drugs dissolved in water (W) or ethanol (E).

The modification involves drying tablets in a microwave (MW) and hot air dryer (HA) for a specified period. Powder blends and tablets were evaluated for physical properties, and their antioxidant activity (AA) was measured in a modified dissolution by ferric reducing antioxidant power assay (FRAP). PLS and ANOVA were used to compare tablets properties depending on the composition and technology. The experiment is based on a previous one, in which the plant extracts were processed into tablets using a similar method.

Therefore, extending the study to include more plants and the robust statistical evaluation and comparison of the products was a procedure to justify the suitability of the presented method for a wide range of liquid plant extracts. As a result, we obtained tablets with excellent physical properties, including a short disintegration and dissolution, which is problematic in tableted extracts.

Download the full article as a PDF here or read it here

Materials: Liquid extracts from dried fruits of Prunus padus L., Prunus spinosa L., and Rubus fruticosus L. (F-Dental, Hodonín, Czech Republic) were used. Ethanol 96% (Mikrochem, Pezinok, Slovakia) and purified water prepared by reverse osmosis (Ph. Eur.) were used as solvents. As a porous carrier, Neusilin® US2 (Fuji Chemical Industry Co, Ltd., Toyama, Japan) was used. Aerosil® 200 (Evonik Industries AG, Essen, Germany) is the coating material. The other excipients used for tablets formulation were: filler Avicel® PH 101 (FMC Bio-Polymer, Ireland), lubricant magnesium stearate (Zentiva, Prague, Czech Republic), and disintegrant Vivasol® (JRS Pharma, Rosenberg, Germany). A 2% ethanolic solution of brilliant green (Dr. Kulich Pharma, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic) was used to determine water absorption and wetting time. AA was determined using ferric chloride hexahydrate (Mikrochem, Pezinok, Slovakia), ferrous sulfate heptahydrate (Mikrochem, Slovakia), hydrochloric acid (Centralchem, Bratislava, Slovakia) and 2,4,6-tris(2-pyridyl)-s-triazine (Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis, MI, USA). All reagents for AA determination were of analytical quality.

Article information: Kostelanská, K.; Kurhajec, S.; Pavloková, S.; Vetchý, D.; Gajdziok, J.; Franc, A. Technology of Processing Plant Extracts Using an Aluminometasilicate Porous Carrier into a Solid Dosage Form. Pharmaceutics 2022, 14, 248.

Get your ExciPerience Early Bird ticket here!ExciPerience Early Bird Ticket Banner

You might also like