Rebaudioside A/TPGS mixed nanomicelles as promising nanocarriers for nimodipine ocular delivery
Nimodipine (NMD), a calcium channel blocker, has demonstrated benefits in treating glaucoma. However, its ocular therapeutic application remains limited due to its poor aqueous solubility, which restrains the development of an ophthalmic formulation. Thus, the present study aimed to formulate an NMD micelle ophthalmic solution to enhance the potential of NMD in an ocular topical formulation to treat glaucoma. The NMD micelle ophthalmic solution was formulated with nanocarriers composed of rebaudioside A and D-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate. Spherical mixed micelles were optimized and obtained at a small micelle size 13.429 ± 0.181 nm with a narrow size distribution (polydispersity index 0.166 ± 0.023) and high encapsulation efficiency rate (99.59 ± 0.09%). Compared with free NMD, NMD in micelles had much greater in vitro membrane permeability and antioxidant activity. The NMD micelle ophthalmic solution was well tolerated in rabbit eyes. It profoundly improved the in vivo intraocular permeation of NMD, and in vivo intraocular pressure reduction and improved miosis were also observed. Accordingly, this NMD micelle ophthalmic solution might be a promising ocular formulation to treat glaucoma.
Li, X., Fang, J., Xin, M. et al. Rebaudioside A/TPGS mixed nanomicelles as promising nanocarriers for nimodipine ocular delivery. Drug Deliv. and Transl. Res. (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13346-020-00834-0
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