Use of roller compaction and fines recycling process in the preparation of erlotinib hydrochloride tablets

This study focuses on improving the manufacturing process for a generic immediate-release tablet containing erlotinib hydrochloride by adding a fines recycling process during roller compaction. Due to the large fraction of small-sized API particles, the starting powder mixture was inconsistently fed into the roller compactor. Consequently, poorly flowing granules with a high ratio of fines were produced. A fines recycling step was, therefore, added to the existing roller compaction process to minimize the risks caused by the poor granule flow. A laboratory scale roller compactor and a tablet simulator were used to prepare granules at various process conditions.

The effect of dry granulation parameters on size distribution, API distribution powder flow, compaction properties, and dissolution profile was evaluated. The granule batch after fines recycling had markedly improved size distribution and flowability while maintaining acceptable tablet tensile strength and rapid dissolution profile. The application of the fines recycling process at commercial scale resulted in reliable dissolution performance and batch-to-batch consistency, which were further confirmed by bioequivalence to the reference product. Understanding how granule properties are impacted by the fines recycling process may enable fine-tuning of the dry granulation process for optimal product quality. Continue on roller compaction

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