Superporous poly(β-Cyclodextrin) cryogels as promising materials for simultaneous delivery of both hydrophilic and hydrophobic drugs
Here, one step, simple preparation of superporous p(β-cyclodextrin) (p(β-CD)) cryogels in the presence of various ratios of crosslinker, divinyl sulfone (DVS) e.g., 100, 150, 200% mole with respect to the mole ratio of 6 hydroxyl groups on β-CD unit under cryogenic conditions were reported for the first time. The swelling properties, and hydrolytic degradation of p(β-CD) cryogels was directly related to the used crosslinker ratio. It was observed that the p(β-CD) cryogels showed higher swelling% in DMSO and DMF than in DI water.
• 3D super porous poly(β-Cyclodextrin) cryogels in 1–100 µm pore size are prepared.
• Poly(β-Cyclodextrin) cryogels with blood compatibility and partially hydrolytic degradable.
• Poly(β-Cyclodextrin) cryogels can release hydrophilic and hydrophobic drugs simultaneously.
The prepared p(β-CD)-1 cryogel that was 100% crosslinked exhibited 14 ± 3.7%, 34 ± 4.8%, and 45 ± 6.2% weight losses within 20 days in pH 5.4, 7.4, and 9.0 buffer solutions, respectively. An acceptable hemolysis index of < 5% and a blood coagulation index, >89% were observed for the p(β-CD) cryogels at 1 mg/mL concentrations. Additionally, the potential useability of p(β-CD) cryogels as in vitro drug delivery systems for both hydrophilic vancomycin, and hydrophobic tetracycline as model drugs were individually illustrated at pH 7.4 in PBS. The cumulative drug release from p(β-CD) cryogels, in sustained release profiles with 76.7 ± 9.0 mg/g of vancomycin (89.9 ± 10.5% of the loaded amount) and 146.5 ± 19.4 mg/g tetracycline g (83.1 ± 6.3% of the loaded amount) were attained in 6 and 54 h, respectively at pH 7.4 in PBS. Most importantly, p(β-CD) cryogels exhibited simultaneous loading and releasing the ability for both hydrophilic vancomycin, and hydrophobic tetracycline drugs by concurrently releasing 37.0 ± 2.7 mg/g (23.4 ± 1.8% of the loaded amount), and 36.3 ± 1.3 mg/g (23.6 ± 0.8% of the loaded amount), respectively at pH 7.4 (PBS) in 10 h.
Betul Ari, Sahin Demirci, Ramesh S. Ayyala, Bekir Salih, Nurettin Sahiner,
Superporous poly(β-Cyclodextrin) cryogels as promising materials for simultaneous delivery of both hydrophilic and hydrophobic drugs, European Polymer Journal, Volume 176, 2022, 111399, ISSN 0014-3057,