3D-printed construct from hybrid suspension as spatially and temporally controlled protein delivery system
Protein delivery systems have been extensively applied in controlled releasing of protein or polypeptides for therapeutic treatment or tissue regeneration. While 3D printing technology shows great promise in novel dosage form with tailoring dose size and drug release profile, 3D printable protein delivery system has to face many difficult challenges.
In this study, we developed a hybrid suspension combining Eudragit polyacrylate colloid as matrix material and Pluronic polyether hydrogel as diffusion channel for protein release. This hybrid suspension can be 3D-printed into construct with complex shape and inner structures thanks to its pseudoplastic and thixotropic rheological properties. The protein can be incorporated in hybrid suspension either in its original or nanoparticle capsulated form. The experiment shows that the protein release from construct is a function of drying time, molecular weight (MW) of chitosan, as well as their own structural/diffusional properties. Also, the theoretical derivation suggests polyacrylate matrix tortuosity, chitosan erosion rate as well as hydrogel diffusion coefficient all contributed to the extended duration of release profile. In addition, cytotoxicity test through cell culture confirmed that the construct fabricated from hybrid suspension exhibit relative good bio-compatibility.
Finally, heterogeneous constructs with zoned design were fabricated as protein delivery system, which demonstrated the capability of hybrid suspension technique for spatial and temporal release of macromolecular drugs to realize pharmaceutical effectiveness or guild cell organization.
Article information: Wang J, Xie B, Zhu Z, Xie G, Luo B. 3D-printed construct from hybrid suspension as spatially and temporally controlled protein delivery system. Journal of Biomaterials Applications. June 2021. doi:10.1177/08853282211023257