Biotherapeutic-loaded injectable hydrogels as a synergistic strategy to support myocardial repair after myocardial infarction
Myocardial infarction (MI) has been considered as the leading cause of cardiovascular-related deaths worldwide. Although traditional therapeutic agents including various bioactive species such as growth factors, stem cells, and nucleic acids have demonstrated somewhat usefulness for the restoration of cardiac functions, the therapeutic efficiency remains unsatisfactory most likely due to the off-target-associated side effects and low localized retention of the used therapeutic agents in the infarcted myocardium, which constitutes a substantial barrier for the effective treatment of MI.
Injectable hydrogels are regarded as a minimally invasive technology that can overcome the clinical and surgical limitations of traditional stenting by a modulated sol-gel transition and localized transport of a variety of encapsulated cargoes, leading to enhanced therapeutic efficiency and improved patient comfort and compliance. However, the design of injectable hydrogels for myocardial repair and the mechanism of action of bioactive substance-loaded hydrogels for MI repair remain unclear. To elucidate these points, we summarized the recent progresses made on the use of injectable hydrogels for encapsulation of various therapeutic substances for MI treatment with an emphasis on the mechanism of action of hydrogel systems for myocardial repair.
Specifically, the pathogenesis of MI and the rational design of injectable hydrogels for myocardial repair were presented. Next, the mechanisms of various biotherapeutic substance-loaded injectable hydrogels for myocardial repair was discussed. Finally, the potential challenges and future prospects for the use of injectable hydrogels for MI treatment were proposed for the purpose of drawing theoretical guidance on the development of novel therapeutic strategies for efficient treatment of MI.
Article information: Zhi Zheng, Ying Tan, Yi Li, Ying Liu, Guanghui Yi, Cui-Yun Yu, Hua Wei. Biotherapeutic-loaded injectable hydrogels as a synergistic strategy to support myocardial repair after myocardial infarction, Journal of Controlled Release, Volume 335, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconrel.2021.05.023.