Moisture sorption by polymeric excipients commonly used in amorphous solid dispersions and its effect on glass transition temperature: III. Methacrylic acid-methyl methacrylate and related copolymers (Eudragit®)
Moisture sorption by polymeric carriers used in amorphous solid dispersion (ASD) plays a critical role in the physical stability of the dispersed drug as it can increase molecular mobility of drug in ASD by decreasing the glass transition temperatures (Tg) of the drug-polymer system, leading to drug crystallization. The present report describes Part III of a systematic investigation of moisture sorption by different polymers used in ASDs, where the results for four chemically different methacrylic acid-methyl methacrylate and related copolymers, namely, Eudragit® EPO, Eudragit® L100-55, Eudragit® L100, and Eudragit® S100, as the function of relative humidity (RH) are presented.
Effects of moisture sorption on Tg of the polymers were also determined. Among the polymers, Eudragit® EPO is the least hygroscopic, having absorbed, for example, 1.3% w/w moisture at 25 °C/60% RH, while the three other polymers absorbed 4.7–7.5% w/w moisture at the same condition. The moisture sorption was relatively lower at 40 °C than that at 25 °C. The apparent Tg of polymers decreased with the increase in moisture content; however, Tg values remained higher than the usual storage temperature of ASD (25 °C) even at high RH, indicating that the effect of moisture sorption on the physical stability of ASD could be minimal when these polymers are used in ASDs.
Nirali G. Patel, Sabrina Banella, Abu T.M. Serajuddin, Moisture sorption by polymeric excipients commonly used in amorphous solid dispersions and its effect on glass transition temperature: III. Methacrylic acid-methyl methacrylate and related copolymers (Eudragit®), International Journal of Pharmaceutics, Volume 636, 2023, 122745, ISSN 0378-5173, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2023.122745.
See also the first two interesting articles in the small series from Abu Serajuddin et al.:
- Part 2: Moisture sorption: Cellulosic Polymers
- Part 1: Moisture sorption: Polyvinylpyrrolidone and related copolymers