Nanostructured Valsartan Microparticles with Enhanced Bioavailability Produced by High-Throughput Electrohydrodynamic Room-Temperature Atomization
The high-throughput drying and encapsulation technique called electrospraying assisted by pressurized gas (EAPG) was used for the first time to produce nanostructured valsartan within microparticles of excipients. Valsartan, a poorly absorbed and lipid-soluble drug, was selected since it is considered a good model for BCS class II drugs. Two different polymeric matrices were selected as excipients, i.e., hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) and lactose monohydrate, while Span 20 was used as a surfactant.
The produced 80% valsartan loading formulations were characterized in terms of morphology, crystallinity, in vitro release, in vitro Caco-2 cells’ permeability, and in vivo pharmacokinetic study. Spherical microparticles of ca. 4 μm were obtained within which valsartan nanoparticles were seen to range from 150 to 650 nm. Wide-angle X-ray scattering and differential scanning calorimetry confirmed that valsartan had a lower and/or more ill-defined crystallinity than the commercial source, and photon correlation spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy proved that it was dispersed and distributed in the form of nanoparticles of controlled size.
In vitro dissolution tests showed that the HPMC formulation with the lowest API particle size, i.e., 150 nm, dissolved 2.5-fold faster than the commercial valsartan in the first 10 min. This formulation also showed a 4-fold faster in vitro permeability than the commercial valsartan and a 3-fold higher systemic exposure than the commercial sample. The results proved the potential of the EAPG processing technique for the production of safe-to-handle microparticles containing high quantities of a highly dispersed and distributed nanonized BCS class II model drug with enhanced bioavailability.
Publication Date:June 28, 2021