Biocompatible phospholipid-based mixed micelles for posaconazole ocular delivery: Development, characterization, and in – vitro antifungal activity
Current study intended to prepare and evaluate phospholipid-based, mixed micelles (MMs) to improve the ocular delivery of posaconazole (POS), a broad-spectrum antifungal drug. For this, MMs based on egg phosphatidylcholine (EPC), as the main component, in combination with various bile salts (sodium cholate (NaC), sodium deoxycholate (NaDC), sodium taurocholate (NaTC)) or non-ionic surfactants (Pluronic® F-127, Pluronic® F-68, Tween 80, Labrasol® ALF, and d-a-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS)) were prepared. Particle size, polydispersity index, zeta potential and entrapment efficiency were evaluated to optimize the composition and preparation method of the MMs.
Finally, morphology, stability, in vitro release pattern, and in vitro antifungal activity of the optimized formulation were investigated. Among the prepared MMs, vesicles composed of EPC: TPGS with a molar ratio of 70:30, prepared by the thin-film hydration method, showed more appropriate features. Among the prepared MMs, vesicles composed of EPC: TPGS with a molar ratio of 70:30 showed more appropriate features, including an entrapment efficiency (EE) greater than 80%, spherical shape morphology, an average particle size of about 58 nm, desirable stability over a month, slow-release without a noticeable initial burst, and a significantly higher in vitro antifungal activity in comparison with the drug suspension. Therefore, this formulation was selected as the optimal MMs and could be considered as a promising carrier for topical ocular delivery of POS.
Osouli M, Abdollahizad E, Alavi S, et al. Biocompatible phospholipid-based mixed micelles for posaconazole ocular delivery: Development, characterization, and in – vitro antifungal activity. Journal of Biomaterials Applications. 2022;0(0). doi:10.1177/08853282221141962